Issue 76 / July - August 2010
In the land of Yooks and Zooks
What you are about to read is a review of a childrenâs book which had been banned from the shelves of the U.S. libraries during Cold War years. It opens with these peaceful panoramic lines:
On the last day of summer
Ten hours before fallâŚ
âŚ.My grandfather took me
Out to the Wall.
For a while he stood silent
Then finally he said,
With a very sad shake
Of his very old head,
âAs you know, on this side of the Wall
We are Yooks.
On the other side of the Wall
Live the Zooksâ
Thus, The Butter Battle Book, written by the well known author, Dr. Seuss invites the young reader to the world of Yooks and Zooks. The colorful illustrations of the book show from the first two pages that Yooks and Zooks are creatures quite alike in appearance with the only difference that Yooks dress in blue while Zooks are dressed in orange. Hence one cannot grasp at the beginning why a wall stands between them. Yet, the following words of the grandfather introduce to the reader another âimportantâ difference without delay.
Then my grandfather said
âItâs high time that you knew
Of the terrible, horrible thing that Zooks do
In every Zook house and in every Zook town
Every Zook eats his bread
With the butter side down!â
âBut we Yooks, as you know,
when we breakfast or sup,
spread our bread,â Grandpa said,
âwith the butter side up
Thatâs the right, honest way!â
Grandpa gritted his teeth.
âSo you canât trust a Zook who spreads bread underneath!
Now, I see you smile at the âhorribleâ crime Zooks commit but donât dismiss it as a funny little story. Rather try to remember how your own parents, your teachers, or even books you read shaped the way you looked at others. How much of this acquired knowledge and experience caused prejudice, fear, and hostility? Or if you please, take a greater challenge and ponder on how you interact today with people that are different from you. Do you erect walls or do you build bridges?
As you reflect on yourself and your life consider how the grandfather Yook delivers an important warning to his grandchild.
Every Zook must be watched!
He has kinks in his soul!
Thatâs why, as a youth, I made watching my goal,
watching Zooks for the Zook-Watching Border Patrol!
In those days, of course
the Wall wasnât so high
and I could look any Zook
square in the eye
If he dared to come close
I could give him a twitch
With my tough-tufted
Snick Berry Switch
Isnât it interesting that the difference between Yooks and Zooks instead of becoming a reason for curious attraction toward each other became a pretext for hostility and suspicion? Then again, this is no novelty to us, is it? When fear and hostility join hand, the clash is sure to come.
For the Yooks the clash began when one day a Zook named Van Itch slingshot the Grandfatherâs âTough-Tufted Prickly Snick-Berry Switch.â The Yooks then developed a machine with three slingshots interlinked, called a âTriple-Sling Jigger.â This gun worked once (Van Itch got scared and ran off), but the Zooks counterattacked with their own creation: The âJigger-Rock Snatchem,â a machine with three nets to fling the rocks fired from the Triple-Sling Jigger back at the Yooksâ side âjust as fast as we catch âem.â
Page by page the conflict between the two sides escalates and leads to a long arms race for bigger and better weapons to outdo the other, which unsurprisingly brings the Yooks and Zooks on the scary threshold of mutual destruction.
The Butter Battle Book was written during the Cold War era, and many critics think that the book reflects the concerns of the time, especially the perceived possibility that all life on earth could be destroyed in a nuclear war. The bookâs apparent position regarding the arms race could be one of the reasons why The Butter Battle Book was once removed from the shelves of public libraries during the Cold War. Another reason could have been educatorsâ worries about the inappropriateness of introducing the idea of annihilation to young children.
The Butter Battle Book has also been seen as an enjoyable satirical work, with its depiction of a deadly war based on a senseless conflict over something as trivial as a breakfast food. The bookâs delightful illustrations and its tongue twisting rhymes make the book fun to read.
Letâs go back to the book because meanwhile, both the Yooks and the Zooks have come to the end of their race. Both sides have developed the same equally powerful destructive bomb: âthe bitsy big boy boomeroo.â On the last page of the book grandfather and Van Itch stand still about to drop the bomb and we hear the grandchildâs fearful cry:
âGranpa!â I shouted âBe careful! Oh Gee!
Whoâs going to drop it?
Will youâŚ? Will heâŚ?â
âBe patient,â said Granpa. âWeâll see.â
âWe will seeâŚâ
You may feel unsatisfied with the inconclusive ending, yet some literary critics deem it perfect for provoking discussion on how Zooks and Yooks might develop alternative ways to solve their problems. In fact, this entire book could be an excellent manual for peace studies educators to incorporate conflict resolution on both small and large scales.
On the other hand a National Review article published in July 27, 1984 (shortly after the book came out in print) draws attention to the idea that the inconclusive ending of the book could do damage to the cause Seuss is professing. The article claims that: âBy ending inconclusively, with neither side having fired a serious shot and with each side wary of the nuclear weapons of the other, Seuss reminds us that nuclear weapons have kept the peace for nearly forty years now.â According to this article children may as well conclude that the surest way to achieve peace is to remain strong albeit strong at times might translate into inventing and possessing weapons of mass destruction.
Parental or teacher guidance during the reading of this book could be of great help in this case. Thought provoking questions can be addressed such as: Can the non-existence of war be considered real peace? Is a cold war the most peace that can be achieved?
Because history seems to repeat itself The Butter Battle Book and its message are far from obsolete even today, two decades later. As we hear with dread news of wars and ongoing nuclear armaments, as the map of the world is marked with more âhot spots,â we get the gut feeling that maybe we are living in the land of Yooks and Zooks. We feel that it is imperative to promote peace and prevent the infamous prediction of the so called clash of civilizations.
If we, people of this world, should wage a war why not wage one to eradicate poverty, ignorance and hostility? If we should take up arms canât they be sound education, tolerance, love, and mutual understanding? With the situation as it is, it seems like we donât possess the luxury to lay back and say: âWeâll seeâŚ. We will seeâŚâ
It brings hope to see that many people think likewise and have already rolled up their sleeves for the noble cause of peace making. The opportunities to get involved in this noble cause for peace are limitless starting from nonprofit organizations promoting tolerance and peacemaking to small groups that act against prejudice and discrimination. If you feel you are too insignificant to make an impact, then here is something simple to do; read The Butter Battle Book with a child and talk about all the beauties that come with peace.
Mirkena Ozer pursues creative writing at University of Georgia, Atlanta.
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