Issue 34

  • The Importance of Systems

    Systems are integral to human life. We see so many in nature: cycles of birlh and death. seasonal changes, the food chain, evaporation and photosynthesis, and so on. Over time, as small groups of people settled down, they began to

    Published April - June 2001 - Jay Willoughby

    Civilization and the Confusion of Conceptions

    Traditionally, civilization has been defined as the coexistence of people who come together around humanistic thoughts and feelings, and who are conscious of their being human. Since people naturally live in groups, some degree of

    Published April - June 2001 - M. Fethullah Gulen

    Parenting Styles: How They Affect Children

    Parenting is a most challenging yet rewarding experience. Baumrind, who studied parenting styles during the early 1960s, concluded that they differ in four important areas: parents' warmth/nurturance, discipline strategy, communi

    Published April - June 2001 - Suheyla Sarac

    Olfaction: Sensing the Scents

    Most people believe that our perception depends heavily on sight and hearing, and therefore underrate our sense of smell. As this sense is rather subjective, for a long time it was considered a matter of preference within the fra

    Published April - June 2001 - Alvin C. Roseyard

    Sir Thomas More's Utopia

    Socialist ideals have appeared in literature from Plato to Marx. In its midst is Sir Thomas More's Utopia, which links ancient and modern Utopias. Hythloday's fantasy island draws heavily on the Greek republic, and yet influence

    Published April - June 2001 - Rabia Savas

    Super Conductivity: History and Applications

    The field of superconductivity is characterized by unexpected discoveries. Despite its discovery almost 100 years ago and its many applications, it is still not understood fully. For example, the mechanism behind high-temperature

    Published April - June 2001 - Hamza Balci

    Islam Misunderstood Throughout the World

    One of the three leading monotheistic religions in the world, Islam is a civilization practiced by 1.2 billion people. Easily the world's fastest growing religion, Islam is now a truly universal force. Muslims in America outnumbe

    Published April - June 2001 - James A. Bill

    Utopia As a From of Madness

    For a state to function successfully, its rulers must have a realistic vision. This is acquired by building trust with the people, formulating rational economic and development policies, controlling the nation's territory, and p

    Published April - June 2001 - Jay Willoughby

    An Allegory of the Divine System

    Two people travel together. At a fork in the road, they ask a wise old man which way to take. He replies: "The right fork requires observing the road's law and brings some security and happiness. The left fork promises some free

    Published April - June 2001 - Bediuzzaman Said Nursi


    When interacting with others,
    always regard
    whatever pleases and
    displeases yourself as the measure.
    Wish that others
    may receive those things
    that are most pleasing to you,
    and do not forg

    Published April - June 2001 - The Fountain

    Question and Answer


    How should we, especially those of us who are young, interact with the world?


    Today's social environment is overrun with temptation and desire. Although it is hard

    Published April - June 2001 - Hikmet Isik

    E-Mail Securitiy

    E-mail, now the most pervasive Internet service available, began to be used by people even before they discovered the Web. Messaging Online states that there are about 569 million (electronic) mailboxes. Within 2 years, all televi

    Published April - June 2001 - Ali Bicak